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Studies

Goldberg et al. (1980): study US Maryland 1971

Publication

Author(s):
Goldberg, E.L.; Comstock, G.W.; Graves, C.G.
Title:
Psychosocial Factors and Blood Pressure.
Source:
Psychological Medicine, 1980, Vol. 10, 243 - 255

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, county, Maryland, USA 1971-1974
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 640
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past few months, have you ever felt.....         
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   Depressed or very unhappy?
H  That things were going your way?
I    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
3  often
2  sometimes
1  never

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -15 to +12
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-a
Author's label:
Psychosocial factors
Page in publication:
243/255
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days?   Would you say that you are....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Blood pressure Blood-pressure
Hypertensive diseases (i10-15)
Treatment for blood pressure Currently in treatment or not
Hypertensive diseases (i10-15)
Hypertension
Use of medication with depressive side effects Use of medicaments
Illness treated
Hypertensive diseases (i10-15)