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Studies

Goldberg et al. (1979): study US 1971

Publication

Author(s):
Goldberg, E.L.; Comstock, G.W.; Hornstra, R.K.
Title:
Depressed Mood and Subsequent Physical Illness.
Source:
American Journal of Psychiatry, 1979, Vol. 136, 530 - 534

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, died within 1-4 years and matched controls, USA, 1971-76
Sample:
Probability systematic sample
Respondents:
N = 164
Non Response:
24%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
At T1 and T2

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3   very happy
2   pretty happy
1   not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-a
Author's label:
Gurin HappinessI
Page in publication:
230/234
Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
bradburn Happiness
Page in publication:
230/234
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the  bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?   
[  10  ]  best possible life
[    9  ]
[    8  ]
[    7  ]
[    6  ]
[    5  ]
[    4  ]
[    3  ]
[    2  ]
[    1  ]
[    0  ]  worst possible life
                          
                                                                                
Preceded by 1)  open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and  where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Classification:
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a
Author's label:
Cantril Ladder Present
Page in publication:
230/234

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Died Longevity (assessed in follow up)