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Studies

Cheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2003

Publication

Author(s):
Cheng, H.; Furnham, A.
Title:
Personality, Self-Esteem, and Demographic Predictions of Happiness and Depression.
Source:
Personality and Individual Differences, 2003, Vol. 34, 921- 942

Investigation

Public:
Students, London, UK, 2003
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 234
Non Response:
0%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Bradburn Affect Balance Scale
Page in publication:
925-927
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
- 5.69
SD:
- -
Full text:
Self report on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3   very happy
2   pretty happy
1   not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-a
Author's label:
The Gurin Scale (single item)
Page in publication:
926-927
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.06 -
SD:
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Gender Sexe: male (vs female) Father's employment Unemployment of parents Mother's employment Unemployment of parents Parental divorce Number of parents (broken home) Relationship with parents Relations with parents Romance Current love-life Leisure Satisfaction with leisure Self -esteem Evaluation of self-as-a-whole Happy O-HL by A-AB Positive Affect Current affective life
Scores on symptom inventories
Negative affect Scores on symptom inventories
Hedonic tone in affect
Beck Depression Inventory Depressive (f31-33) Oxford Happiness Inventory Happiness inventories involving unacceptable items Friends Satisfaction with friends Extraversion Scores on symptom inventories
Extraverted
Psychoticism Psychotic Lie scale Defensive Neuroticism Neurotic (f48)