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Studies

Cheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2003

Publication

Author(s):
Cheng, H.; Furnham, A.
Title:
Personality, Self-Esteem, and Demographic Predictions of Happiness and Depression.
Source:
Personality and Individual Differences, 2003, Vol. 34, 921- 942

Investigation

Public:
Students, London, UK, 2003
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 234
Non Response:
0%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Bradburn Affect Balance Scale
Page in publication:
925-927
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3   very happy
2   pretty happy
1   not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-a
Author's label:
The Gurin Scale (single item)
Page in publication:
926-927
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.06

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Gender Sex (male vs female) Father's employment Unemployment of parents Mother's employment Unemployment of parents Parental divorce Number of parents (broken home) Relationship with parents Relations with parents Romance Current love-life Leisure Satisfaction with leisure Self -esteem Evaluation of self-as-a-whole Happy O-HL by A-AB Positive Affect Current affective life
Scores on symptom inventories
Negative affect Hedonic tone in affect
Scores on symptom inventories
Beck Depression Inventory Depressive (f31-33) Oxford Happiness Inventory Happiness inventories involving unacceptable items Friends Satisfaction with friends Extraversion Scores on symptom inventories
Extraverted
Psychoticism Psychotic Lie scale Defensive Neuroticism Neurotic (f48)