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Studies

Chappell & Badger (1989): study CA Winnipeg, Manitoba 1985

Publication

Author(s):
Chappell, N.L.; Badger, M.
Title:
Social Isolation and Well-Being.
Source:
Journal of Gerontology, 1989, Vol. 44, 169 - 176

Investigation

Public:
60+ aged, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 1985
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Probability simple random sample
Respondents:
N = 743
Non Response:
25%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
The interviews were lasted for an hour and a half, on average.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days- would you say you are..
5  happy
4  somewhat happy
3  neither happy nor unhappy
2  somewhat unhappy
1  unhappy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-o
Author's label:
The Global Happiness Indicator
Page in publication:
171
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 7%,   2: 0%,   3: 17%,   4: 24%,   5: 52%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
4.14 6.50
SD:
1.14 1.31

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Social Isolation Current contacts
Living alone or not
Married state (compared to non-married states)
Ever had children (vs not)
Number of close friends