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Correlational findings

Study Chappell & Badger (1989): study CA Winnipeg, Manitoba 1985

Public:
60+ aged, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 1985
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 743
Non Response:
25%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
The interviews were lasted for an hour and a half, on average.

Correlate

Authors's label
Social Isolation
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report of non-instrumental social contacts:
a: no daily contact (vs has daily contact)
b: minimal weekly contact (vs less or no contact)
c: live alone (vs not live alone)
d: not married (vs married)
e: no children (vs has children)
f: no companions (vs has companions)
g: no confidants (vs has confidants)
h: no children plus not married (vs has children plus married)
i: no children plus live alone (vs has children plus not live alone)
j: live alone plus no confidants (vs not live alone plus has confidants)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-5-o t. = -.22 ns a: no daily contact (vs has daily contact) O-HL-c-sq-v-5-o t. = .52 ns b:minimal weekly contact (vs less or no contact) O-HL-c-sq-v-5-o t. = 2.74 p < .01 c: live alone (vs not live alone) O-HL-c-sq-v-5-o t. = 3.55 p < .001 d: not married (vs married) O-HL-c-sq-v-5-o t. = -61 ns e: no children (vs has children) O-HL-c-sq-v-5-o t. = 4.89 p < .001 f: no companions (vs has companions) O-HL-c-sq-v-5-o t. = 3.54 p < .001 g: no confidants (vs has confidants) O-HL-c-sq-v-5-o t. = 1.03 ns h: no children plus not married (vs has children plus married) O-HL-c-sq-v-5-o t. = 1.16 ns i: no children plus live alone (vs has children plus not live alone) O-HL-c-sq-v-5-o t. = 3.90 p < .001 j: live alone plus no confidants (vs not live alone plus has confidants)