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Studies

Chan (2013a): study CN 2008

Publication

Author(s):
Chan, D.W.
Title:
Subjective Well-Being of Hong Kong Chinese Teachers: The Contribution of Gratitude, Forgiveness, and the Orientations to Happiness
Source:
Teaching and Teacher Education, 2013, Vol. 32, 22-30

Investigation

Public:
Schoolteachers, Hongkong, China, 2008
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability accidental sample
Respondents:
N = 143
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way in general?:
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  exiled
I   ashamed
J   guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:
1  not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score   (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS (in general version)
Classification:
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-b
Author's label:
Panas
Remarks:
Affect balance computed by WDH team subtracting NA 25.54 from PA 35.00
Page in publication:
26
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -40 - 40 On range 0-10
Mean:
9.46

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Gratitude Thankfull Forgiveness Forgiving Life of meaning Ways to increase one's happiness
Searching for meaning
Meaning motivation
Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Current life-style pattern (life-style type)
Meaningful (vs useless)
Worhwhile
Life of pleasure Pleasure seeking
Ways to increase one's happiness
Hedonic values
Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Current life-style pattern (life-style type)
Pleasant (vs unpleasant)
Hedonistic
Life of engagement Engagement motivation
Ways to increase one's happiness
Current activity level
Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Current life-style pattern (life-style type)
Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Attitudes to performance
Self-actualization (need for)
Exiting (vs dull)
Involved
Life satisfaction Happiness inventories involving unacceptable items