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Studies

Chan (2013a): study CN 2008

Publication

Author(s):
Chan, D.W.
Title:
Subjective Well-Being of Hong Kong Chinese Teachers: The Contribution of Gratitude, Forgiveness, and the Orientations to Happiness
Source:
Teaching and Teacher Education, 2013, Vol. 32, 22-30

Investigation

Public:
Schoolteachers, Hongkong, China, 2008
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability accidental sample
Respondents:
N = 143
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way in general?:

A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  ashamed
I  guilty
J  hostile
K  excited
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:  
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to J
Positive affect score (PAS): K to T
Affect Balance Score  (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS (in general version)
Classification:
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-b
Author's label:
Panas
Remarks:
Affect balance computed by WDH team subtracting NA 25.54 from PA 35.00
Page in publication:
26
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -40 - 40 On range 0-10
Mean:
9.46

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Gratitude Thankfull Forgiveness Forgiving Life of meaning Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Meaningful (vs useless)
Current life-style pattern (life-style type)
Worhwhile
Searching for meaning
Ways to increase one's happiness
Meaning motivation
Life of pleasure Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Pleasant (vs unpleasant)
Current life-style pattern (life-style type)
Hedonic values
Hedonistic
Ways to increase one's happiness
Pleasure seeking
Life of engagement Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Exiting (vs dull)
Current life-style pattern (life-style type)
Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Self-actualization (need for)
Involved
Attitudes to performance
Ways to increase one's happiness
Engagement motivation
Life satisfaction Happiness inventories involving unacceptable items