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Studies

Cantril (1965): study ZZ 1960

Publication

Author(s):
Cantril, H.
Title:
The Pattern of Human Concern.
Source:
Rutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

Investigation

Public:
20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
Survey name:
Cantril World Survey
Sample:
Varied Probability
Respondents:
N = 18653
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
by native interviewer

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the  bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?   
[  10  ]  best possible life
[    9  ]
[    8  ]
[    7  ]
[    6  ]
[    5  ]
[    4  ]
[    3  ]
[    2  ]
[    1  ]
[    0  ]  worst possible life
                          
                                                                                
Preceded by 1)  open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and  where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Classification:
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Remarks:
31% low (step 0-3), 42% medium (step 4-6), 20% high (step 7-10)
Error estimates:
Reliability between coders of around 95%
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.00 5.00

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age Current age (in years) Educational level Level of school-education Report of hopes con-cerning the family Concern about family Report of fears con-cerning the family Concern about family Male sex Sex (male vs female) Personal hopes and aspirations Object of life-goals National hopes and aspirations Worries about the nation Income Current income level (unspecified) Report of hopes con-cerning economic conditions Aspired income-increase Report of fears con-cerning economic conditions Aspired income-increase Urban dwelling Rural vs urban dwelling Positive evaluation of present national situation Evaluation of current situation of nation Socio-economic development Modernity of nation Report of personal hopes concerning political situation Political concern Report of personal fears concerning political situation Political concern Report of national hopes concerning political situation Political concern Report of national fears concerning political situation Political concern Report of personal hopes concerning social situation Political concern Report of personal fears concerning social situation Political concern Report of national hopes concerning social situation Political concern Report of national fears concerning social situation Political concern Report of personal hopes concerning in-ternational situat Political concern Report of personal fears concerning in-ternational situat. Political concern Report of national hopes concerning international situat. Political concern Report of national fears concerning international situat Political concern Report of national hopes concerning economic situation Political concern Report of national fears concerning economic situation Political concern Report of national hopes concerning independent status Political concern Report of national fears concerning independent status Political concern Ability to do thingsoneself to increase satisfaction Inner locus of control Wish to preserve national status quo Current attitudes to nation Have no fears for the nation Current attitudes to nation Having no worries and fears Amount of worrying Personal worries andfears Specific worries National worries andfears Worries about the nation Report of fears concerning values and characte Concern about character Futurity Orientation on the future Being a housewife Full-time home maker Non-labor Current employment status Report of hopes concerning job or work situation Concern about (un)employment Report of fears concerning job or work situation Concern about (un)employment Fear of war Attitudes to war Occupation Current occupation