print

Studies

Cantril (1965): study PA 1962

Publication

Author(s):
Cantril, H.
Title:
The Pattern of Human Concern.
Source:
Rutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

Investigation

Public:
21+ aged, general public, Panama, 1962
Survey name:
Cantril World Survey
Sample:
Probability stratified sample
Respondents:
N = 642
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the  bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?   
[  10  ]  best possible life
[    9  ]
[    8  ]
[    7  ]
[    6  ]
[    5  ]
[    4  ]
[    3  ]
[    2  ]
[    1  ]
[    0  ]  worst possible life
                          
                                                                                
Preceded by 1)  open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and  where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Classification:
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a
Author's label:
Happpiness
Remarks:
26% low, 54% medium, 18% high
Page in publication:
142, 351
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 4.73%,   2: 4.51%,   3: 5.24%,   4: 12.22%,   5: 12.39%,   6: 26.48%,   7: 15.77%,   8: 9.58%,   9: 3.26%,   10: 1.41%,   11: 5.06%   (total 100.65%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
4.82 4.82
SD:
2.29 2.29

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age Current age (in years) Educational level Level of school-education Male sex Sex (male vs female) Socio-economic level Current socio-economic status Urban dwelling Rural vs urban dwelling Positive evaluation of present national situation Evaluation of current situation of nation