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Studies

Cantril (1965): study CU 1960

Publication

Author(s):
Cantril, H.
Title:
The Pattern of Human Concern.
Source:
Rutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

Investigation

Public:
20+ aged, general public, urban areas, Cuba, 1960
Survey name:
Cantril World Survey
Sample:
Probability area sample
Respondents:
N = 992
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured inderview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the  bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?   
[  10  ]  best possible life
[    9  ]
[    8  ]
[    7  ]
[    6  ]
[    5  ]
[    4  ]
[    3  ]
[    2  ]
[    1  ]
[    0  ]  worst possible life
                          
                                                                                
Preceded by 1)  open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and  where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Classification:
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Remarks:
Data taken from graph on page 128. Books reports average of 6.4 on page 184.  9% low, 43% medium, 45% high.
Page in publication:
128, 366
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 1.63%,   2: 1.63%,   3: 1.63%,   4: 4.79%,   5: 8.73%,   6: 20.79%,   7: 14.53%,   8: 13.52%,   9: 14.65%,   10: 5.63%,   11: 12.96%   (total 100.49%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.34 6.34
SD:
2.32 2.32

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age Current age (in years) Educational level Level of school-education Race Ethnic status in the USA Male sex Sex (male vs female) Socio-economic level Current socio-economic status Community size Community size
Region in Cuba
Urban dwelling Rural vs urban dwelling Positive evaluation of present national situation Evaluation of current situation of nation