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Studies

Campbell (1981): study US 1978

Publication

Author(s):
Campbell, A.
Title:
The Sense of Well-Being in America.
Source:
McGraw-Hill, 1981, New York, USA

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, USA, 1978
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 3692
Non Response:
about 20 %
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
at home

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:
 
 During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
 A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
 B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
 C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
      you had done?
 D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
 E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
 F   Bored?
 G   On top of the world?
 H   Depressed or very unhappy?
 I    That things were going your way?
 J    Upset because someone criticized you?
 
 Answer options and scoring:
  yes = 1
  no  = 0
 Summation:
 -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
 -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
 -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
 Possible range: -5 to +5
 
 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Positive and negative affects
Observed distribution:
On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.00 7.00
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:
 
 Taken all together, how would you say things are these days?   Would you say that you are....?
 3  very happy
 2  pretty happy
 1  not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's label:
Happiness
Page in publication:
21
Observed distribution:
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.20 7.22
SD:
0.60 1.56

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Satisfaction with self Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person Satisfaction with standard of living Satisfaction with income Satisfaction with family life Satisfaction with family-life Satisfied with marriage Satisfaction with marriage Satisfaction with family income Satisfaction with income Satisfied with friendships Satisfaction with friends Satisfaction with savings Attitudes to one's possessions Satisfaction with work Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole Satisfaction with housework Satisfaction with home-making Satisfaction with life in the U.S.A. Satisfaction with life in nation in general Satisfaction with housing Satisfaction with housing Satisfaction with neighbourhood Attitude to neighborhood Satisfaction with health Satisfaction with health Satisfaction with community Attitude to vinicity Satisfaction with amount of education Satisfaction with education Family income Household income Level of education Level of school-education Age Current age (in years)