|Voice and accountability||Includes a number of indicators measuring
various aspects of political process, civil liberties and political rights.|
Indicators measure the extent to which citizens of a country are able to participate in the selection of governments and the independence of the media.
Expressed in z-scores
|1998||DemocracyIndex1_1998||90||Kaufmann 2007 World Bank:table C1|
|Suppression of political rights||Expert ratings on 9 item index of
1. State leader elected through free and fair elections, 2. Legislative representatives elected through free and fair elections, 3. Fair electoral laws, equal campaigning opportunities, fair polling and honest tabulation of ballots, 4. Freely elected representatives have real power, 5. Right to organize in political parties, system open to rise and fall of competing groups, 6. Realistic possibility for opposition, de facto opposition power, 7. National independence, 8. Influence of minority groups, 9. Political power decentralized.
Index range 1-7, high scores meaning more supperssion and less democracy
|1972-79||PoliticalRights_1970s||89||Freedom House 2005|
|Suppression of civil liberties||Expert ratings on 11 item index of
1. Free and independent media, 2. Open public discussion, free private discussion, 3. Freedom of assembly and demonstration, 4. Freedom of political organization, 5. Equal law, nondiscriminatory judiciary, 6. Protection from political terror, 7. Free trade unions, effective collective bargening, 8. Free professional and other private organizations, 9. Free business, 10. Free religion, 11. Personal freedoms such as: gender equality, property rights, freedom of movement, choice of residence, choice of marriage and size of family.
Index range 1-7, high scores meaning more suppression and less democracy
|1972-79||CivilLiberties_1970s||89||Freedom House 2005|
|Suppression of political rights and civil liberties||Political rights + civil
Index range 2-14, high scores meaning more suppression and less democracy
|1972-79||DemocracyIndex2_1970s||89||Summed PoliticalRights and CivilLiberties|
|Estes’ Political Participation subindex||1. Years
since independence (+), 2. Years since most recent constitution (+), 3. Presence and
functioning of a parliamentary system (+), 4. Presence and functioning of a party system
(+), 5. Influence of military (-), 6. Number of popular elections held (+)|
(Part of the Index of Social Progress)
|1979-80||DemocracyIndex3_1980||47||Estes 1984: table 5-1|
|VanHanen’s Index of Democracy (ID)|| A: Competition, % votes won by largest party minus 100|
B: Participation, % voters of total population (not franchised population)
Computation: A x B / 100
|1968||DemocracyIndex4_1968||176||Vanhanen 1990: table 2.2|
|Economist Intelligence Democracy Index||1. Electoral process and pluralism, 2. Functioning of government, 3. Political participation, 4. Political culture, 5. Civil liberties|
Expressed in score on range 0-10
|Free assembly||2008||FreeAssembly_2008||112||Human Freedom Index|
The dataset States of Nations is about characteristics of countries in periods (macro variables). It is part of the World Database of Happiness. Developed for identification of societal conditions for happiness, this dataset can also be used for other purposes.