Corruption in nations

Corruption in governmentResearchers assesment. The ICRG staff collects political information converting these into risk points on the basis of a consistent pattern of evaluation. The political risk assessments are made on the basis of subjective analysis of the available information.1982-95Corruption1_199065ICR1996
Corruption Perception Index (CPI)1Combined surveys on perceived abuse of public office for private gain, for example, on bribe-taking by public officials in public procurement. The sources do not distinguish between administrative and political corruption.1980-94Corruption2_199047TI 1995
1996Corruption2_199653TI 1997
19972Corruption2_199751TI 1997
1998Corruption2_199874TI 1998
1990-1998Corruption2_1990s58Mean 90,96,97
2002Corruption2_200284TI 2002
Freedom from corruption 2006Corruption2Free_2006156Heritage
Exercise of public power for private gainAggregated indicator, subjective assesments. Measures perceptions of corruption (drawn from different sources), conventionally defined as the exercise of public power over private gain; ranging from frequency of ‘additional payments to get things done’ to the effect of corruption on the business environment, of measuring ‘grand corruption’ in the political arena to the tendency of elite forms to engage in ‘state capture’.1997-98Corruption3_199891Kaufmann 1999a
2000-01Corruption3_200191 Kaufmann 2002 table C6
2002Corruption3_2002176Kaufmann 2003 table C6
2006Corruption3_2006175Kaufmann 2007 table C6

Related topics: Crime rate, Governance, Trust
Related themes: Crime, Government, Institutional quality, Law

The dataset States of Nations is about characteristics of countries in periods (macro variables). It is part of the World Database of Happiness. Developed for identification of societal conditions for happiness, this dataset can also be used for other purposes.