Happiness Measures

Measures of Happiness: A-BW-mi-mqr-v-5-a


Affect: Balance (Watson et al PANAS) (A-BW)
Time frame:
last instant (mi)
multiple questions, repeated (mqr)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:


Self report on 20 questions, answered at the end of the day during 14 days

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you feel this way right now, that is, at the present moment:

A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  ashamed
I  guilty
J  hostile
K  excited
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:  
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): (A to J)/10
Positive affect score (PAS): (K to T)/10
Affect Balance Score  (ABS): PAS - NAS
Name: Watson's PANAS ('this moment' version) applied in multiple moment assessment (experience sampling method)

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Mean
Standard Deviation
Kleiboer (2006): study NL 2001 MS patients and their spouse, The Netherlands, 200? N = 140
= 1.030