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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-e
Focus:
Affect: Balance (Watson et al PANAS) (A-BW)
Time frame:
last month, last few weeks (cm)
Mode:
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
5

Description

Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past few weeks?
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  exiled
I   ashamed
J   guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:
a  1  very slightly or not at all
b  2  a little
c  3  moderately
d  4  quite a bit
e  5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score   (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past few weeks' version)

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics Demir et al. (2007): study US 2007 18+ aged, university students, USA N = 280
Steverink & Lindenberg (2006): study NL 2001 65+aged, Netherlands, 2001 N = 3000
Mean
= 10.600
Isaacowitz & Smith (2003): study DE Berlin 1990 70-100+aged, Germany, 1990-1993. N = 516
Mean
= 0.900
Kunzmann et al. (2000): study DE Berlin 1990 70-103 aged, Germany, 1990-1993 N = 516
Mean
= 0.890
Dagenais-Desmarais & Savoie (2012): study CA Quebec 2011 French-speaking workers, Qu├ębec, Canada, 2011 N = 1080
Mean
= 1.680