Happiness Measures

Measures of Happiness: A-BW-cm-mq-nv-7-b


Affect: Balance (Watson et al PANAS) (A-BW)
Time frame:
last month, last few weeks (cm)
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
numeric scale with verbal labels (nv)
Scale Range:


Self report on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past month?

A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  ashamed
I  guilty
J  hostile
K  excited
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:
1  not at all true for me
7 exactly true for me

Negative affect score (NAS): A to J
Positive affect score   (PAS): K to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al.'s PANAS (7 step last month version)

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Mean
Standard Deviation
Chen (2015): study CN Nanjing, jiangsu 2011 University students, China; 201? N =
Proctor et al. (2010): study GB 2007 16-18 aged, UK, 200? N =