Happiness Measures

Measures of Happiness: A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-b


Affect: Balance (Diener's ABS) (A-BD2)
Time frame:
last month, last few weeks (cm)
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:


Self report on 8 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how much of the time during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion?
A  affectionate
B  joyful
C  sad
D  worried
E  irritable
F  guilty
G  happy
H  proud

1  never
2  slight amount (rare)
3  some of the time
4  about half the time
5  much of the time
6  almost always
7  always

Computation: (A+B+G+H)-(C+D+E+F)/8

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance'

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Mean
Standard Deviation
Diener et al. (1995a): study ZZ East-West pairs 1991 /1 College students, South Korea, China, USA, 199? N =
Biswas-Diener et al. (2005): study ZZ Developing nations 2001 Adults in 3 non-industrial cultures, 200? N =
Cha (2003): study KR 1998 College students, Korea, 199? N =
Kirkcaldy et al. (2005): study ZZ 1995 Adults, general public, 53 nations, 1990s N =