Correlational finding on Happiness and Scores on symptom inventories
Subject code: H13ab02b

StudyGaitz & Scott (1972): study US Texas 1969
TitleAge and the Measurement of Mental Health.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1972, Vol. 13, 55 -67
PublicAdults, general public, Houston, Texas, USA, 1969
Sample
Non-Response2%, aged Mexican-Americans of high socio-economic status only
Respondents N =1441

Correlate
Author's labelMental illness
Page in Source 65
Our classificationScores on symptom inventories, code H13ab02b
Operationalization
Twenty-two Item Screening Score (see above)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.41 p < . 01
Unaffected by age

Index of Positive Affects: r = -.02 (ns)
Index of Negative Affects: r = +.57 (01)
O-HL-m-sq-v-3-ar=-.34 p < . 01
Unaffected by age

Index of Positive Affects: r = -.02 (ns)
Index of Negative Affects: r = +.57 (01)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
O-HL-m-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question :

All things considered, how happy would you say you are right now?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl