Correlational finding on Happiness and Ethnic status in the USA
Subject code: E04ab03t

StudyGaitz & Scott (1972): study US Texas 1969
TitleAge and the Measurement of Mental Health.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1972, Vol. 13, 55 -67
PublicAdults, general public, Houston, Texas, USA, 1969
Non-Response2%, aged Mexican-Americans of high socio-economic status only
Respondents N =1441

Author's labelEthnicity
Page in Source 63
Our classificationEthnic status in the USA, code E04ab03t
Anglo / Black / Mexican-Aamerican

Observed Relation with Happiness
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM= + ns
Mexican-American: males  : M = 6.5  Mt' = 6.1
                  females: M = 5.9  Mt' = 5.4
Black           : males  : M = 6.2  Mt' = 5.8
                  females: M = 6.0  Mt' = 5.6
Anglo           : males  : M = 6.1  Mt' = 5.7
                : females: M = 5.9  Mt' = 5.4

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)

Appendix 2: Statistics used
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.