Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-critical
Subject code: S02ad03d

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-criticism
Page in Source 93
Our classificationSelf-critical, code S02ad03d
Operationalization
The number of characteristics the respondent indicated 
were true of himself but wished he did not have.
The 70 adjectives of the Adjective Rating List 
(Block,1961) were used.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r=-.33 (ns)
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r=-.36 (ns)
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r=      ns
preretired   males: r=-.36 ns  females: r=-.33 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r=-.62 01 females: r=-.35 ns
newly weds   males: r=-.45 05 females: r=     ns
middle aged  males: r=-.41 05 females: r=     ns
preretired   males: r=-.32 ns females: r=-.31 ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=-.26 p < .01
Youngest (hs seniors + newly-weds)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.33 p < .01
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=-.20 p < .05
Oldest   (middle aged + preretired)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.23 p < .05


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dSelfreport on 8 questions.

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A very lonely
B restless
C bored
D depressed
E on top of the world
F exited or interested
G pleased about accomplishment
H proud

Answer options:
1 never
2 once
3 several times
4 often

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): E+F+G+H
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): A+B+C+D
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS-NAS+13

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (modified version)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A. " Dissatisfied" and "Unhappy" responses on the Block (1961) Adjective Rating List.

B. Overall happiness. Single direct question: "Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .......?"
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy

C. Present-year score on Life-Evaluation Chart, ranging from:
1 low
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 high


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl