Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHerzog et al. (1982): study US 1971
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Different Age Groups.
SourceResearch Report I.S.R., University of Michigan, 1982, Ann Arbor, USA
Public25-97 aged, general public, USA, 1971-1978
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 48/49
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
25-97 aged only
10 year cohorts
Remarks
DATASETS:
1: 1972,      N=1955, SI study, see ANDRE 1976
2: 1972-1978, N=9151, Pooled General Social Surv. 3: 
1973-1975, N=3222, Pooled Omnibus Surveys
4: 1976,      N= 707, Omnibus Survey
5: 1974-1975, N=1077, S.I. study, Detroit Area
6: 1971,      N=1822, QOL Survey, See CAMPB 1975
7: 1978,      N=3141, QOL Survey, See CAMPB 1981
                 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=-.07 p < .05
DATASET 1 
                                                
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.01 ns
DATASET 2 
                                               
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aBeta=+.12 p < .05
DATASET 4
                                                
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
DATASET 1 
                                               
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
DATASET 3
                                                
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aBeta=+.09 p < .05
DATASET 5
                                                 
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.00 ns
DATASET 5
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=-.05 ns
DATASET 6  
When controlled for:
-religion                        = -.07  (05)
-length living in residence      = -.07  (05)
-social desirability             = -.09  (01)
-experienced burdens and
 constraints                     = -.15  (01)
-income, education, health       = +.05  (ns)
-all above variables
 except inc.,ed.,health          = -.20  (01)
                                               
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=-.01 ns
DATASET 7 
When controlled for:
-religion                        = -.03  (ns)
-length living in residence      = -.01  (ns)
-life events                     = -.04  (ns)
-experienced burdens and        
 constraints                     = -.10  (01)
-income, education, health       = +.06  (05)
-all above variables
 except inc.,ed.,health          = -.12  (01)
                          
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aBeta=+.06 p < .05
DATASET 6
When controlled for:
-religion                        = +.04  (ns)
-length living in residence      = +.04  (ns)
-social desirability             = +.02  (ns)
-experienced burdens and
 constraints                     = -.03  (ns)
-income,education,health         = +.17  (01)
-all above variables
 except inc.,ed.,health          = -.09  (01)
                                                 
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.04 ns
DATASET 4
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=-.09 p < .05
DATASET 4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aBeta=+.10 p < .01
DATASET 7
When controlled for:
-religion                        = +.08  (01)
-length living in residence      = +.10  (01)
-life events                     = +.07  (01)
-experienced burdens and
 constraints                     =  .00  (ns)
-income,education,health         = +.17  (01)
-all above variables
 except inc.,ed.,health          = -.03  (ns)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl