Correlational finding on Happiness and Gratitude training
Subject code: H16ad03kb

StudyChan (2010): study HK 2007
TitleGratitude, Gratitude Intervention and Subjective Well?Being among Chinese School Teachers in Hong Kong
SourceEducational Psychology, 2010, Vol. 30, 139 - 153
PublicSchool teachers participating in happiness training, Hong Kong, 2007
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Respondents N =89

Author's labelGratitude intervention program
Page in Source 144-149
Our classificationGratitude training, code H16ad03kb
8 week self-improvement project on self-reflection for 
enhanced self-awareness. Participants were asked to 
keep a weekly log of three good things that happened to 
them during the week, and record them using a 
count-your-blessings form. They were then asked to 
reflect on these good thing using three 
Naikan-mediation-like questions.
results by initial low (n = 47) and initial high (n = 
42) gratitude group at T1

Observed Relation with Happiness
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gDM=+ p < .?
                Happiness LEVEL  CHANGE
                Pre    Post      post-pre
All             10.59   12,50    +1,91
Low Gratitude    9.45   12,13    +2,68
High Gratitude  11.86   12,91    +1,05
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gD%sr=+ p < .?
All                             +2,4 %
Low Gratitude                   +3,3 %
High Gratitude                  +1,3 %

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gSelfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you generally feel this way, that is, how you feel on average?
A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H exiled
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 very much

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('in general' version)

Appendix 2: Statistics used
Scale range = highest theoretical value minus lowest theoretical value
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.