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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-b
Focus:
Affect: Balance (Watson et al PANAS) (A-BW)
Time frame:
generally (g)
Mode:
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
5

Description

Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way in general?:

A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  ashamed
I  guilty
J  hostile
K  excited
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:  
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to J
Positive affect score (PAS): K to T
Affect Balance Score  (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS (in general version)

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics Coote & MacLeod (2012): study GB Depressed adults, United Kingdom, 200? N = 55
Mean
= -8.500
Chan (2010): study HK 2007 School teachers participating in happiness training, Hong Kong, 2007 N = 89
Mean
= 10.580
Chan (2013): study HK 2011 School teachers, Hongkong, 2011 N = 78
Mean
= 8.700
Chan (2013a): study CN 2008 Schoolteachers, Hongkong, China, 2008 N = 143
Mean
= 9.460
Bajaj et al. (2016): study IN 2014 Undergraduate students, India, 2014 N = 318
Mean
= 1.600
Lü et al. (2013): study CN 2009 Students low in positive affect, China, 2009 N = 34
Mean
= 8.120