Correlational finding on Happiness and Biblio therapy
Subject code: H16ae01

StudyHaeck et al. (2016): study ZZ 2012
TitleImpact of Psychoeducational Content Delivered Online to a Positive Psychology Aware Community
SourceJournal of Positive Psychology, 2016, Vol. 11, 270 - 275
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4972096/
PublicUsers of a 6 week online psychoeducation course, 35 nations, 201?
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Non-Response
Respondents N =270

Correlate
Author's labelChange in affect before-after course
Page in Source 4
Our classificationBiblio therapy, code H16ae01
Operationalization
Participants were e-mailed a link to a web-based lesson 
each week for six weeks. Each lesson focussed on a 
different aspect of fostering positive emotions, 
including
a: meaning and purpose
b; strenghts
c; work
d; mindfulness and savouring
e: gratitude and relationships
f: hedonia versus eudaimonia
Each lesson contained video's, blog posts and 
questionnaires with normative feedback.
Remarks
None of the lessons mentioned or provided instructions 
for spefific happiness increasing activities

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-aDM=+ s
Pre-Post course CHANGE in happiness:
- positive affect: +1,44 (05)
- negative affect: -4,77 (01)
Hence gain in Affect balance +6,21
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-aD%sr=7,7%
7,7% of possible range -40 to +40

Greater change in happiness among users who:
- had most negative affect at baseline
- spend less time on the website
- practiced more happiness increasing behaviours


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 20 questions:

Lead item not reported.

A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H exited
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Rated:
1: slightly/not at all
.
.
5 extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
D%srDIFFERENCE in % of SCALE RANGE
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl