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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-a
Focus:
Affect: Balance (Watson et al PANAS) (A-BW)
Time frame:
time frame not reported (?)
Mode:
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
5

Description

Selfreport on 20 questions:

Lead item not reported.
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  excited
I   ashamed
J  guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Rated:
1: slightly/not at all
.
.
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics McCullough et al. (2000): study US 1995 High school students, USA 199? N = 92
Mean
= 12.710
Ayyash-Abdo & Alamuddin (2007): study LB 2007 Students, Lebanon, 2007 N = 689
Mean
= 1.110
SD
= 0.590
Lambert et al. (2009): study US Florida 2007 Undegraduate students, USA, 2007 N = 171
Mean
= -0.120
Lee et al. (2008): study US 2008 College students and LGB, USA, 2008 N = 443
Mean
= 1.480
SD
= 0.940
De Castro et al. (2007): study ES Madrid 2004 18-22 aged transplant patients, Spain, 2004 N = 24
Mean
= 27.400
SD
= 5.980
Warner et al. (2017): study US New England 2013 Students, New England, United States of America, 2013 N = 1263
Mean
= 12.670
SD
= 0.410
Bakalim & Karckay (2017): study US 2015 Students, before and after a 6 week counseling course,, USA, 2015 - 2016 N = 28
Eryilmaz (2015a): study TR Eskisehir 2015 Students in a human relationships course and controls, Eskisehir, Turkey, 2015 N = 72
Mean
= 15.250
Haeck et al. (2016): study ZZ 2012 Users of a 6 week online psychoeducation course, 35 nations, 201? N = 122
Mean
= 15.800
Goldstein (2007): study US 2005 Healthy adults, USA, 200? N = 73
Sheldon & Lyubomirsky (2009): study US 2004 Participants in a happiness training, USA 200? N = 113
Mean
= 1.450
Demir et al. (2012): study ZZ Various nation sets 2010 College students, Turkish and Southwestern American Universities, 2010 N = 569
Holt et al. (2019): study US 2017 Transgender people, USA, 2017 N = 207
Mean
= 2.420
Liang & Zhu (2015): study CN 2014 Landless peasants, aged 18-70, China, 2014 N = 1236
Mean
= -7.230
McMahan et al. (2014): study US 2012 students, undergraduated, USA, 2012 N = 179
Mean
= 1.650
McMahan et al. (2014): study KR 2011 Students, undergraduated, South Korea, 2011 N = 189
Mean
= 0.850