Correlational finding on Happiness and Count blessings/curses
Subject code: H16ad03ga

StudyChan (2010): study HK 2007
TitleGratitude, Gratitude Intervention and Subjective Well?Being among Chinese School Teachers in Hong Kong
SourceEducational Psychology, 2010, Vol. 30, 139 - 153
URLhttps://doi.org/10.1080/01443410903493934
PublicSchool teachers participating in happiness training, Hong Kong, 2007
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Non-Response
Respondents N =89

Correlate
Author's labelGratitude intervention program
Page in Source 144-149
Our classificationCount blessings/curses, code H16ad03ga
Operationalization
8 week self-improvement project on self-reflection for 
enhanced self-awareness. Participants were asked to 
keep a weekly log of three good things that happened to 
them during the week, and record them using a 
count-your-blessings form. They were then asked to 
reflect on these good thing using three 
Naikan-mediation-like questions.
Remarks
results by initial low (n = 47) and initial high (n = 
42) gratitude group at T1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gDM=+ p < .?
                 Pre    Post   Difference
Low Gratitude    9.45   12,13   + 2,68
High Gratitude  11.86   12,91   + 1,05
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gD%sr=+ p < .?
Scale range -40 to 40

                 Pre    Post   Difference
Low Gratitude    9.45   12,13   + 3,3 %
High Gratitude  11.86   12,91   + 1,3 %


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gSelfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you generally feel this way, that is, how you feel on average?
A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H exiled
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('in general' version)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
D%srDIFFERENCE in % of SCALE RANGE
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl