Correlational finding on Happiness and Current employment status
Subject code: E02ab

StudyKeith (1985a): study US 1969
TitleWork, Retirement and Well-Being among Unmarried Men and Women.
SourceGerontologist, 1985, Vol. 25, 410 - 416
Public58-63 aged unmarried, followed 10 years, USA, 1969-1979
SampleProbability stratified sample
Respondents N =1398

Author's labelEmployment
Page in Source 414
Our classificationCurrent employment status, code E02ab
Single closed question.
0 Not employed
1 Employed
Assessed at T2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness assessed at T2:
Widowed            r= +.05 (ns)   = +.02 (ns)
Divorced/Separated r= +.12 (ns)   = +.10 (05)
Never married      r= +.10 (ns)   = +.09 (ns)
's controlled for sex, earlier education, age, 
earlier occupation, earlier happiness, retirement 
attitudes, health and income.

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.