Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to retirement
Subject code: R12ag

StudyKeith (1985a): study US 1969
TitleWork, Retirement and Well-Being among Unmarried Men and Women.
SourceGerontologist, 1985, Vol. 25, 410 - 416
Public58-63 aged unmarried, followed 10 years, USA, 1969-1979
SampleProbability stratified sample
Respondents N =1398

Author's labelRetirement attitudes
Page in Source 414
Our classificationAttitudes to retirement, code R12ag
Selfreport in 3 questions:
A retirement is a pleasant time of life
B people who don't retire when they're  financially 
able to are foolish
C older workers should retire when they  can, so as to 
give younger people more  of a chance on the job

Rated  (4) strongly agree to (1) strongly disagree:

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness assessed at T2:
Widowed             r= +.21 (ns)   = +.18 (05)
Divorced/Separated  r= +.16 (ns)   = +.17 (05)
Never married       r= +.23 (ns)   = +.20 (05)
's controlled for sex, earlier education, age, 
earlier occupation, earlier happiness, health, 
income and employment.

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.