Correlational finding on Happiness and Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)
Subject code: H04ab01b

StudyKeith (1985a): study US 1969
TitleWork, Retirement and Well-Being among Unmarried Men and Women.
SourceGerontologist, 1985, Vol. 25, 410 - 416
Public58-63 aged unmarried, followed 10 years, USA, 1969-1979
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1398

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier happiness
Page in Source 414
Our classificationPast happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago), code H04ab01b
Operationalization
Single closed question, rated on a 3-point scale: 
Taking things altogether, how happy would you say you 
are these days? Would you say you are..?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Measure type O-HL
Remarks
Assessed at T1 (10 years ago)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+
T1 happiness by T2 happiness among:
Widowed            r= +.36 (ns)   = +.30 (05)
Divorced/Separated r= +.33 (ns)   = +.30 (05)
Never married      r= +.34 (ns)   = +.23 (05)

's controlled for:
- sexe
- earlier education
- age
- earlier occupation
- retirement attitudes
- health
- income
- employment.


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl