Correlational finding on Happiness and Current income level (unspecified)
Subject code: I01ab

StudyEkici & Koydemir (2014a): study TR 1999
TitleSocial Capitel, Government and Democracy Satisfaction, and Happiness in Turkey: A Comparison of Surveys in 1999 and 2008.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 118, 1031 - 1053
DOIdoi: 10,1007/s11205-013-0464-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1999
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1205

Correlate
Author's labelIncome
Page in Source 1040
Our classificationCurrent income level (unspecified), code I01ab
Operationalization
5 levels (ascending), not specified
Observed distributiongroup1: 15 % (reference category) group 2: 23 % group 3: 20 % group 4: 21 % group 5: 21%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=+ p < .01
probability of being more/less happy (vs income 
group 1)
GROUP 2
- very satisfied          + 6% (.05)
- somewhat satisfied      + 5% (.05)
- medium satisfied        + 1% (ns)
- somewhat dissatisfied   - 3% (.05)
- very dissatisfied       - 8% (.01)

GROUP 3
- very satisfied          +13% (.01)
- somewhat satisfied      + 9% (.01)
- medium satisfied        - 1% (ns)
- somewhat dissatisfied   - 6% (.01)
- very dissatisfied       -15% (.01)

GROUP 4
- very satisfied          +14% (.01)
- somewhat satisfied      + 9% (.01)
- medium satisfied        - 1% (ns)
- somewhat dissatisfied   - 7% (.01)
- very dissatisfied       -15% (.01)

GROUP 5
- very satisfied          +26% (.01)
- somewhat satisfied      +12% (.01)
- medium satisfied        - 5% (.05)
- somewhat dissatisfied   -10% (.01)
- very dissatisfied       -23% (.01)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gOLRC=+ p < .01
GROUP 2
- very happy              +11% (.01)
- quite happy             + 4% (.01)
- not very happy          - 8% (.01)
- not at all happy        - 8% (.01)

GROUP 3
- very happy              +16% (.01)
- quite happy             + 4% (.01)
- not very happy          -10% (.01)
- not at all happy        -10% (.01)

GROUP 4
- very happy              +16% (.01)
- quite happy             + 5% (.01)
- not very happy          -10% (.01)
- not at all happy        -10% (.01)

GROUP 5
- very happy              +21% (.01)
- quite happy             + 5% (.01)
- not very happy          -13% (.01)
- not at all happy        -13% (.01)

OLRCs adjusted for:
- employment
- age
- gender
- religiosity
- marital status


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gSelreport on single question:

In general, how do you feel about your life at present? I feel...
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not happy at all
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a higher probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a lower probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable.

OLRC< 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a lower probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a higher probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable.

OLRC = 0 No relationship between the independent and dependent variable..

Remarks:
The interpretation for the intermediate categories of the dependent variable are ambiguous. It is advised to use marginal effects.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl