Subject code: P09ag01a

Study | Ekici & Koydemir (2014a): study TR 1999 |

Title | Social Capitel, Government and Democracy Satisfaction, and Happiness in Turkey: A Comparison of Surveys in 1999 and 2008. |

Source | Social Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 118, 1031 - 1053 |

DOI | doi: 10,1007/s11205-013-0464-y |

Public | 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1999 |

Sample | Probability multistage stratified area sample |

Non-Response | |

Respondents N = | 1205 |

Correlate | |

Author's label | Government satisfaction |

Page in Source | 1036 |

Our classification | Attitudes to national government, code P09ag01a |

Operationalization | Single question, How would you rate the system for governing in Turkey?". Response on 1-10 scale |

Observed distribution | M = 2.46, SD = 1.95 |

Remarks | considerable number of no responses to this question. Missing observations were replaced with average. |

Observed Relation with Happiness | ||

Happiness Measure | Statistics | Elaboration/Remarks |

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a | OLRC=+ p < .01 | One unit increase in government satisfaction changes the probability of being: - very satisfied +2% (.01) - somewhat satisfied +1% (.01) - medium satisfied 0% - somewhat dissatisfied -1% (.01) - very dissatisfied -2% (.01) |

O-HL-c-sq-v-4-g | OLRC=+ p < .01 | - very happy +1% (.01) - quite happy +1% (.01) - not very happy -1% (.01) - not at all happy -1% (.01) OLRCs adjusted for: - income - age - employment status - gender - marital status - religiosity |

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

Code | Full Text |

O-HL-c-sq-v-4-g | Selreport on single question: In general, how do you feel about your life at present? I feel... 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not happy at all |

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a | Selfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied |

Appendix 2: Statistics used

Symbol | Explanation |

OLRC | ORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses Theoretical range: unlimited OLRC > 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a higher probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a lower probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable. OLRC< 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a lower probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a higher probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable. OLRC = 0 No relationship between the independent and dependent variable.. Remarks: The interpretation for the intermediate categories of the dependent variable are ambiguous. It is advised to use marginal effects. |

Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl