Correlational finding on Happiness and Global competitiveness of nation
Subject code: N04ab12

StudySachs (2016): study ZZ 2015
TitleHappiness and Sustainable Development: Concepts and Evidence.
SourceWorld Happiness Report, 2016, Vol.1, 56 - 65 , New York, USA
URLhttp://worldhappiness.report/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2016/03/HR-V1Ch4_web.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, 119 nations, 2015-2016
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =199000

Correlate
Author's labelGlobal Competitiveness Index
Page in Source 62
Our classificationGlobal competitiveness of nation, code N04ab12
Operationalization
Index of:
a.	Institutions
b.	Infrastructure
c.	Macroeconomic environment
d.	Innovation
e.	Business sophistication
f.	Market size
g.	Health & primary education
h.	Higher education and training
i.	Good markets efficiency
j.	Technological readiness
k.	Financial market development
l.	Labor market efficiency
Remarks
Annuallly produced by the World Economic Forum.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cb=+1.3 p < .01
AVERAGE happiness by GCI index.

No controls
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cb=+.12 ns
b controled for
- sustainable development goals index 
- global competitiveness index 2015-2016
- index of economic freedom 2016
- GDP per capita
- unemployment rate (IEF data set)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cRaČ=.60


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cSelfreport on single question:

Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
RaČADJUSTED COEFFICIENT OF MULTIPLE CORRELATION
Type: descriptive statistic only
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0 ; 1]

Meaning:
Ra = 0 « not any association
Ra = 1 « strongest possible association
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl