Correlational finding on Happiness and Income level in vinicity
Subject code: L12ab05c

StudyKnies (2012): study DE 2004
TitleIncome Comparisons among Neighbours and Satisfaction in East and West Germany.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 471 - 489
URLhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Delivery.cfm/SSRN_ID1611632_code940076.pdf?abstractid=1611632&mirid=1
DOIDoi: 10.1007/s11205-011-9818-5
Public17+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004+2005
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22000

Correlate
Author's labelNeighborhood income
Page in Source 8,14
Our classificationIncome level in vinicity, code L12ab05c
Operationalization
Average purchasing power expressed as income per 
household in euro' s, measured at street section level.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=
NEIGHBORHOODS WHERE NEIGHBORHOODS HARDLY KNOW EACH 
OTHER
East Germany: B=+.30 (ns)
West Germany: B=-.42 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dRČ=
NEIGHBORHOODS W. NO CLOSE TIES BETWEEN NEIGHBORS
East Germany: B= -3.3 (ns)
West Germany: B= -.16 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dRČ=
NON-RESIDENTIAL STREETS
East Germany: B=-.32 (ns)
West Germany: B=-.16 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
NEIGHBORHOODS WHERE NEIGHBORS AT LEAST KNOW EACH 
OTHER
East Germany: B=+.57 (ns)
West Germany: B=-.50 (p<.05)
East Germany: R2=.02 (ns)
West Germany: R2=.03 (p<.05)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dRČ=
NEIGHBORHOODS W. CLOSE TIES BETWEEN NEIGHBORS East 
West Germany: B=+.50 (ns)
West Germany: B=-.70 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dRČ=
RESIDENTIAL STREETS
East Germany: B=+.70 (ns)
West Germany: B=-.76 (p<.05)

B's controlled for:
- Annual neighborhood income (log)
- Satisfaction w. local services 
- Satisfaction w. local services (log)
- Number of years of education
- Household size
- Marital status
- Subjective health
- Annual household income (log)
- Not employed
- Not employed female


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
RČ = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
RČ = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl