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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
Focus:
Overall: Satisfaction w Life as a Whole (O-SLW)
Time frame:
currently (today, these days, presently) (c)
Mode:
1 question (sq)
Scale Type:
numeric scale (n)
Scale Range:
11

Description

Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0  totally unsatisfied

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics Weick (1997): study DE 1995 18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1995 N = 2000
Stutzer & Frey (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984 15+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-2000 N = 15268
Headey & Krause (1994): study XZ Germany West 1984 16+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-1991 N = 9114
Headey & Headey (2003): study DE 1990 16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-1997 N = 10000
Headey et al. (1995): study DE East Germany 1990 16+ aged, general public, East Germany, 1990-1992 N = 4453
Mean
= 6.230
Headey et al. (2008): study DE 2002 16+ aged, general public, Germany 2002 N = 9958
Gerlach & Stephan (1996): study XZ Germany West 1984 16-65 aged, general public, Germany, followed from 1984 to1993 N = 54066
Mean
= 7.260
SD
= 1.840
Winkelmann & Winkelmann (1998): study XZ Germany West 1984 20-64 aged males, Germany, followed 6 years, 1984-1990 N = 4183
Mean
= 7.400
Winkelmann (2004): study XZ Germany West 1984 Parents and their 16+ aged children, West-Germany, followed from 1984 to 1997 N = 1309
Breuer (1987): study XZ Germany West 1984 18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1984 N = 0
Mean
= 7.700
Veenhoven (1994c): study XZ Germany West 1982 Immigrants, West Germany, 1982 N = 770
Veenhoven (1994c): study XZ Germany West 1984 16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1984 N = 1569
Mean
= 7.400
Habich & Noll (2002): study DE 2001 18+ aged, general public, Germany, 2001 N = 2739
Mean
= 7.500
Habich (2002): study XZ Germany West 1978 18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1978 - 2001. N = 20000
SD
= 1.730
Isengard & Schneider (2002): study DE 1991 17+ aged, general public, Germany, 1991,1995,1999 N = 13000
Mollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000 55+ aged, Finland, 2000 N = 610
Mean
= 7.470
Luechinger et al. (2008): study XZ Germany West 1984 Employees, private and public sector. West-Germany, 1984-2004. N = 20764
Mean
= 7.300
SD
= 1.650
Weick (2000): study DE 1998 18+ aged, general public, living in households, Germany, 1998 N = 14631
Lang (1999): study DE 1997 20-24 and 40-44 aged, Germany, 1997 N = 1639
Lucas (2008): study XZ Germany West 1984 Employed - unemployed - -re-employed, Germany, followed 15 years 1984-1998 N = 3733
Koch et al. (2005): study DE 2002 18-65 aged, on low wage or on social security, Germany, 2002-2003 N = 2568
Mean
= 6.550
SD
= 1.740
Knabe & Rätzel (2007): study DE 1992 21-64 aged, Germany, followed 13 years ,1992-2005 N = 152411
Mean
= 6.880
Stutzer & Frey (2008): study XZ Germany West 1985 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 1985-1998 N = 270150
DiTella & MacCulloch (2006): study XZ Germany West 1985 /1 Employed females, Germany 1985-2000 N = 14000
DiTella & MacCulloch (2006): study DE West Germany 1985 Adults, general public, West Germany 1985-2000 N = 8649
Winkelmann (2009): study XZ Germany West 1984 Employed, who fell unemployed, West-Germany 1984-2004 N = 5536
Frey et al. (2004): study XZ Germany West 1985 Adults, general public, Germany 1985-1998 N = 27015
Oswald & Powdthavee (2007a): study DE 2002 Adults, general public, Germany, 2002 N = 24000
Mean
= 7.000
SD
= 1.700
Pouwels et al. (2008): study DE 1999 18-65 aged, couples, neither unemployed nor disabled, Germany, 1999 N = 2698
Börsch-Supan & Jürgens (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984 50-65 aged, West-Germany, followed 18 years, 1984-2002 N = 10000
Börsch-Supan & Jürgens (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984 /1 25+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1984-2002 N = 2000
Habich & Noll (2004): study XZ Germany West 1984 17+ aged, general public, Germany, 1984-2003 N = 16698
Noll & Weick (2004): study DE 2002 17+ aged, general public, Germany, 2002 N = 28892
Rehdanz & Maddison (2009): study XZ Germany West 1994 Adults, general public, West-Germany, 1994-2004 N = 23014
Mean
= 6.792
SD
= 1.831
Delken (2008): study DE 2004 18+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004 N = 22000
Zijlmans (2009): study DE 1998 21-64 aged working force, Germany, 1998-1999 N = 19093
Mean
= 6.930
Zijlmans (2009): study DE 1998 /1 Unemployed, 21-64 aged, Germany, 1998-1999 N = 1975
Mean
= 5.810
Trzcinski & Holst (2006): study DE 2001 17 aged, Germany, 2001-2004 N = 1202
Mean
= 7.630
SD
= 1.520
Trzcinski & Holst (2006): study DE 2001 /1 Mothers of 17 aged, Germany, 2001-2004 N = 1202
Mean
= 6.550
SD
= 1.850
Spellerberg et al. (1992): study XZ Germany West 1988 18-65 aged, general public, West Germany. 1988 N = 2144
Mean
= 7.900
Spellerberg et al. (1992): study DE East Germany 1990 18-65 aged, general public, East Germany, 1990 N = 735
Mean
= 6.500
Headey (2008): study DE 1990 16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-2004 N = 3553
Schimmack & Lucas (2007): study XZ Germany West 1984 Couples, followed 21 years, West-Germany 1984-2004 N = 1728
Plagnol & Easterlin (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984 First married, followed 7 years, Germany, 1984-2004 N = 1582
Gash et al. (2010): study DE 1996 Married women aged 20-59, Germany, followed 10 years, 1996-2006, N = 21189
Wunder et al. (2009): study DE 1986 15+ aged general public, Germany, 1986-2007 N = 33451
Mean
= 6.908
SD
= 1.812
Berger (2009): study DE 1994 Mothers aged 20-65, Germany, followed 14 years, 1994-2007 N = 5706
Mean
= 7.050
SD
= 1.772
Muffels & Kemperman (2011): study XZ Germany West 1984 20-55 aged, women, Germany, 1984-2007 N = 90297
Mean
= 7.000
SD
= 1.820
Cummins et al. (2003c): study XZ Germany West 1978 18+ aged, general public, Germany-West (former), 1978 N = 2012
Mean
= 7.849
SD
= 1.751
Cummins et al. (2003c): study XZ Germany West 1980 18+ aged, general public, Germany-West (former), 1980 N = 2417
Mean
= 7.680
SD
= 1.815
Cummins et al. (2003c): study XZ Germany West 1984 18+ aged, general public, Germany-West (former), 1984 N = 2067
Mean
= 7.736
SD
= 1.901
Cummins et al. (2003c): study XZ Germany West 1988 18+ aged, general public, Germany-West (former), 1988 N = 2144
Mean
= 7.846
SD
= 1.750
Schilling (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984 16+ aged, general public, Germany-West (former), 1984 N = 9039
Mean
= 7.450
SD
= 2.090
Schilling (2006): study XZ Germany West 1985 16+ aged, general public, Germany-West (former), 1985 N = 8343
Mean
= 7.260
SD
= 2.010
Schilling (2006): study XZ Germany West 1986 16+ aged, general public, Germany-West (former), 1986 N = 7980
Mean
= 7.330
SD
= 1.890
Schilling (2006): study XZ Germany West 1987 16+ aged, general public, Germany-West (former), 1987 N = 7842
Mean
= 7.130
SD
= 1.930
Schilling (2006): study XZ Germany West 1988 16+ aged, general public, Germany-West (former), 1988 N = 7450
Mean
= 7.040
SD
= 1.960
Schilling (2006): study XZ Germany West 1989 16+ aged, general public, Germany-West (former), 1989 N = 7174
Mean
= 7.100
SD
= 1.940
Scherpenzeel (1995): study DE West Germany 1990 16+ aged, general public,West-Germany, Germany, 1990 N = 7005
Mean
= 7.310
SD
= 1.780
Habich et al. (1991): study DE East Germany 1990 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1990 N = 0
Mean
= 6.620
SD
= 2.010
Landua (1992a): study DE East Germany 1991 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1991 N = 0
Mean
= 6.000
Böhnke et al. (2002): study DE 1993 18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1993 N = 3062
Mean
= 7.499
SD
= 1.770
Mau (1996): study DE West Germany 1994 18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, Germany, 1994 N = 0
Mean
= 7.400
Mau (1996): study DE West Germany 1995 18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, Germany, 1995 N = 0
Mean
= 7.000
Mau (1996): study DE East Germany 1994 18+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1994 N = 0
Mean
= 6.900
Mau (1996): study DE East Germany 1995 18+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1995 N = 0
Mean
= 6.200
Weller (1998): study DE East Germany 1997 18+ aged, general public,East-Germany, Germany, 1997 N = 1078
Mean
= 7.079
SD
= 2.044
Weller (1998): study DE West Germany 1997 18+ aged, general public, West Germany, Germany, 1997 N = 2019
Mean
= 7.648
SD
= 1.888
Weller (1998): study DE West Germany 1993 18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, Germany, 1993 N = 0
Mean
= 7.911
SD
= 1.557
Weller (1998): study DE East Germany 1993 18+ aged, general public, East Germany,Germany, 1993 N = 0
Mean
= 6.894
SD
= 1.805
Wohlfahrtssurvey (2000): study DE East Germany 1998 18+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1998 N = 1035
Mean
= 7.272
SD
= 1.701
Wohlfahrtssurvey (2000): study DE West Germany 1998 18+ aged, general public, West-Germany region, Germany, 1998 N = 2051
Mean
= 7.727
SD
= 1.609
Habich et al. (1999): study DE 1998 18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1998 N = 3042
Mean
= 7.600
Noll & Zapf (1991): study DE East Germany 1990 /1 18+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1990 N = 735
Mean
= 6.617
SD
= 2.010
Schilling (2006): study DE West Germany 1991 16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, Germany, 1991 N = 6898
Mean
= 7.400
SD
= 1.700
Schilling (2006): study DE West Germany 1992 16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, Germany, 1992 N = 6780
Mean
= 7.300
SD
= 1.700
Schilling (2006): study DE West Germany 1993 16+ aged, general public, West-Germany,Germany, 1993 N = 6718
Mean
= 7.230
SD
= 1.780
Schilling (2006): study DE West Germany 1994 16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, Germany, 1994 N = 6595
Mean
= 7.120
SD
= 1.780
Schilling (2006): study DE West Germany 1995 16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, Germany, 1995 N = 6522
Mean
= 7.070
SD
= 1.800
Schilling (2006): study DE West Germany 1996 16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, Germany, 1996 N = 6442
Mean
= 7.120
SD
= 1.750
Schilling (2006): study DE West Germany 1997 16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, Germany, 1997 N = 6366
Mean
= 6.980
SD
= 1.790
Schilling (2006): study DE West Germany 1998 16+ aged, general public,West-Germany, Germany, 1998 N = 6169
Mean
= 7.050
SD
= 1.770
Schilling (2006): study DE West Germany 1999 16+ aged, general public,West-Germany, Germany, 1999 N = 6033
Mean
= 7.080
SD
= 1.770
GSOEP (2009): study DE West Germany 2000 16+ aged, general public, West-Germany region, Germany, 2000 N = 0
Mean
= 7.200
GSOEP (2009): study DE East Germany 1992 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1992 N = 4092
Mean
= 6.100
GSOEP (2009): study DE East Germany 1993 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1993 N = 3973
Mean
= 6.200
GSOEP (2009): study DE East Germany 1995 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1995 N = 3892
Mean
= 6.400
GSOEP (2009): study DE East Germany 1994 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1994 N = 3945
Mean
= 6.200
GSOEP (2009): study DE East Germany 1996 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1996 N = 3882
Mean
= 6.400
GSOEP (2009): study DE East Germany 1997 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1997 N = 3844
Mean
= 6.300
GSOEP (2009): study DE East Germany 1998 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1998 N = 0
Mean
= 6.500
GSOEP (2009): study DE East Germany 1999 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1999 N = 0
Mean
= 6.500
GSOEP (2009): study DE East Germany 2000 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2000 N = 0
Mean
= 6.600
D'Ambrosio & Frick (2004): study DE 1990 16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990 N = 4433
Mean
= 7.130
D'Ambrosio & Frick (2004): study DE 1991 16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1991 N = 4467
Mean
= 7.090
Schwarze (2004): study DE 2002 16+ aged, general public, Germany, 2002 N = 2266
Mean
= 6.610
SD
= 1.820
Christoph (2008): study DE East Germany 2006 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2006 N = 0
Mean
= 6.300
Christoph (2006): study DE West Germany 2004 16+ aged, general public, West-Germany region, Germany, 2004 N = 0
Mean
= 6.800
Christoph (2008): study DE West Germany 2006 16+ aged, general public, West-Germany region, Germany, 2006 N = 0
Mean
= 6.900
Christoph (2008): study DE East Germany 2007 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2007 N = 0
Mean
= 6.400
Christoph (2008): study DE West Germany 2007 16+ aged, general public, West-Germany region, Germany, 2007 N = 0
Mean
= 6.900
Göbel et al. (2011): study DE East Germany 2009 16+ aged, general public,East-Germany, Germany, 2009 N = 0
Mean
= 6.500
Göbel et al. (2011): study DE West Germany 2009 16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, Germany, 2009 N = 0
Mean
= 6.900
Köcher & Raffelhüschen (2011): study DE 2011 Adults, age range not reported, general public, Germany, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.973
SD
= 1.925
Guven (2009): study DE 1984 18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1984 N = 15397
Mean
= 7.400
SD
= 2.100
Noll & Weick (2013): study DE Schleswig-Holstein 2010 16+ aged, general public,Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, 2010 N = 500
Mean
= 7.300
Noll & Weick (2013): study DE Niedersachsen 2010 16+ aged, general public,Niedersachsen, Germany, 2010 N = 500
Mean
= 7.200
Noll & Weick (2013): study DE Hamburg 2010 16+ aged, general public,Hamburg, Germany, 2010 N = 224
Mean
= 7.100
Noll & Weick (2013): study DE Hessen 2010 16+ aged, general public,Hessen, Germany, 2010 N = 600
Mean
= 7.100
Noll & Weick (2013): study DE Baden-Wurttemberg 2010 16+ aged, general public,Baden-Wuertenberg, Germany, 2010 N = 600
Mean
= 7.000
Noll & Weick (2013): study DE Bayern 2010 16+ aged, general publicBayern, Germany, 2010 N = 600
Mean
= 7.000
Noll & Weick (2013): study DE Nordrhein-Westfalen 2010 16+ aged, general public,Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, 2010 N = 3009
Mean
= 7.000
Noll & Weick (2013): study DE Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2010 16+ aged, general public,Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany, 2010 N = 600
Mean
= 6.900
Noll & Weick (2013): study DE Sachsen 2010 16+ aged, general public,Sachsen, Germany, 2010 N = 500
Mean
= 6.700
Noll & Weick (2013): study DE Sachsen-Anhalt 2010 16+ aged, general public,Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany, 2010 N = 600
Mean
= 6.700
Noll & Weick (2013): study DE Berlin 2010 16+ aged, general public, Berlin, Germany, 2010 N = 500
Mean
= 6.600
Noll & Weick (2013): study DE Thueringen 2010 16+ aged, general public,Thueringen, Germany, 2010 N = 500
Mean
= 6.600
Noll & Weick (2013): study DE Brandenburg 2010 16+ aged, general public,Brandenburg, Germany, 2010 N = 600
Mean
= 6.500
Asendorpf (2008): study 2000 18+ aged, Germany, followed 6 years, 2000-2006 N = 13541
Dohmen et al. (2005): study DE 17+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004 N = 22019
Koczan (2013a): study DE 1984 16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 1-26 years, 1984-2010 N = 71779
Mean
= 7.100
Obucina (2013): study DE 1994 18-65 aged general public, Germany, followed 16 years, 1994-2009 N = 209989
Mean
= 6.876
SD
= 1.824
Easterlin & Plagnol (2008): study DE 1984 16-65 aged general public, Germany, followed 1-21 years, 1984-2004 N = 294528
Mean
= 6.550
Dittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2000 17+ aged general public, Germany, followed 7 years, 2000-2006 N = 27249
Dittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2004 17+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004 N = 22012
Krause (2013): study DE 2007 16+ aged, recently fallen unemployed, Germany, 2007-2008 N = 2542
Mean
= 6.140
Easterlin & Plagnol (2008): study DE East Germany 1991 16+ aged, general public, East Germany, followed 1- 14 years, Germany, 1991-2004 N = 48688
Mean
= 6.320
SD
= 1.840
Easterlin & Plagnol (2008): study DE West Germany 1984 /1 16+ aged, general public, West Germany, followed 1-21 years, Germany, 1984-2004 N = 205410
Mean
= 7.080
SD
= 0.160
Easterlin & Plagnol (2008): study DE West Germany 1984 /2 16+ aged, Turkish immigrants, West Germany, Germany, followed 1-21 years, 1984-2004 N = 15520
Mean
= 6.700
SD
= 0.200
Easterlin & Plagnol (2008): study DE West Germany 1984 16+ aged, European immigrants, West Germany, Germany, followed 1-21 years, 1984-2004 N = 24930
Mean
= 7.030
SD
= 1.930
Koczan (2013a): study DE 1984 /1 16+ aged immigrants, Germany, followed 1-26 years, 1984-2010 N = 3741
Mean
= 6.680
SD
= 1.810
Nesterko et al. (2013): study DE 2006 16+ aged, general public, Germany, 2006 N = 21079
Mean
= 6.960
Nesterko et al. (2013): study DE 2006 /1 16+ aged migrants, Germany, 2006 N = 2971
Mean
= 6.840
SD
= 0.040
Haisken-DeNew & Sinning (2010): study DE West Germany 2000 16+ aged, general public, West Germany, Germany, followed 5 years, 2000-2004 N = 33186
Mean
= 6.770
SD
= 1.860
Knies (2012): study DE 2004 17+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004+2005 N = 22000
Dittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2000 /1 17+ aged, general public, Germany, followed 7 years 2000-2006 N = 22000
Mean
= 6.900
Zumbro (2011): study DE 1992 18+ aged, general public,Germany 1992-2009 N = 279394
Mean
= 7.450
Ehrhardt et al. (2000): study XZ Germany West 1984 18+ aged general public West-Germany, followed 10 years, 1984-1994 N = 5483
Mean
= 7.260
Oswald & Winkelmann (2008): study DE 2000 Lottery winners, Germany, followed 3 years, 2000-2007 N = 198
Gray (2014): study DE 2002 Heads of households, Germany, 2002, 2007 N = 7712
Mean
= 6.901
SD
= 1.748
Guven (2009b): study DE 1984 18+ aged, households' heads, Germany, 1984-2006 N = 21000
Cuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000 18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008 N = 11000
Mean
= 7.100
SD
= 1.700
Mollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000 55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000 N = 616
Mean
= 7.470
Mollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000 55+ aged, Germany, 2000 N = 1
Mollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000 55+ aged, Hungary, 2000 N = 605
Mean
= 7.470
Mollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000 55+ aged, Italy, 2000 N = 600
Mean
= 7.470
Oswald & Winkelmann (2008): study DE 2000 /1 Lottery winners, Germany, followed 3 years, 2000-2007 N = 198
Luechinger (2007): study DE 1985 20+ aged, general public, Germany, followed 19 years, 1985-2003 N = 33864
Mean
= 7.070
SD
= 1.750
Clark (2015): study DE 1992 16+ aged, general public, followed 10 years, Germany, 1992-2012 N = 368000
Mean
= 7.000
SD
= 1.810
Akay & Martinsson (2012): study DE 1984 20-79 aged general public, Germany, 1984-2009 N = 150000
Barcena Martin et al. (2013): study DE 1994 18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1994-2011 N = 162167
Mean
= 6.850
SD
= 1.750
Boes & Winkelmann (2010): study DE 1984 25-65 aged singles, (West-)Germany, 1984-2004 N = 9735
Boyce & Wood (2011): study DE 2005 17-96 aged, general public Germany, followed 4 years 2005-2008 N = 54460
Mean
= 6.940
SD
= 1.750
Clark et al. (2015): study DE 1992 16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 14 years; 1992-2012 N = 368000
Mean
= 6.970
SD
= 1.786
DiTella et al. (2007): study DE 1984 18+ aged general public, (West-)Germany, followed 16 years 1984-2000 N = 7812
Mean
= 7.150
SD
= 1.750
Ferrer-i-Carbonell (2005): study DE 1992 18+ aged general public, Germany, 1992-1997 N = 16000
Mean
= 6.883
Fitzroy et al. (2013): study DE 2000 18+ aged general public, Germany, 2000-2010 N = 212650
Frijters et al. (2004a): study DE 1991 /1 21-64 aged general public, East Germany, 1991-2001 N = 3086
Mean
= 5.960
Vendrik (2013): study DE 1984 27-59 aged general public, (West-)Germany, followed at least 6 years,1984-2007 N = 60984
Mean
= 7.120
SD
= 1.760
Pannenberg & Goerke (2013): study DE 2008 17-65 aged general public, Germany, 2008-2010 N = 1031
Pfeifer (2013): study DE 2003 16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 5 years, 2003-2008 N = 9972
Mean
= 7.000
SD
= 1.710
Pfaff & Hirata (2013): study DE West Germany 1984 18+ aged general public, (West-)Germany, followed 24 years,1984-2010 N = 318346
Mean
= 7.080
SD
= 1.850
Pfaff & Hirata (2013): study DE East Germany 1992 18+ aged general public, (East-)Germany, followed 18 years,1992-2010 N = 81956
Mean
= 6.390
SD
= 1.830
Pischke (2011): study DE 1984 20-64 aged general public, West-Germany, 1984-2007 N = 56476
Pohl (2006): study DE 1984 25-65 aged immigrants, Germany, followed yearly 1984-2005 N = 15790
Mean
= 7.330
SD
= 2.240
Layard et al. (2009): study DE 1984 30-55 aged non-immigrant West-Germans, West-Germany, followed 1984-2006 N = 56240
Saris (2001b): study DE 1990 16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 4 years, 1990-1994 N = 3500
Welsch & Kühling (2013): study DE 1991 15+ aged general public, Germany, 1991-2009 N = 293998
Mean
= 6.920
Wolbring et al. (2013): study DE 1992 16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 16 years, 1992-2008 N = 19568
Mean
= 6.980
SD
= 1.750
Wolbring et al. (2013): study DE Bayern 2010 18+ aged general public, Munich, Germany, 2010 N = 662
Mean
= 6.830
SD
= 2.270
Wunder (2008): study DE 1985 18+ aged general public, Germany, followed 21 years, 1985-2006 N = 23757
Vendrik & Woltjer (2007): study DE 1984 18+ aged general public, Germany, followed 17 years, 1984-2001 N = 102068
Mean
= 7.200
Schyns (2000): study DE 1992 18+ aged general public, Germany, followed 4 years, 1992-1996 N = 4398
Mean
= 7.300
D'Ambrosio & Frick (2012): study DE 1992 18+ aged general public, followed 15 years, 1992-2007, Germany N = 184000
Mean
= 6.903
SD
= 1.764
Galatzer-Levy et al. (2010): study DE 1984 21-60 aged unemployed, before and after jobloss, Germany, 1984-2003 N = 774
Easterlin (2014a): study DE East Germany 1990 /1 18+ aged, general public, East Germany, 1990-2004 N = 200000
Mean
= 6.360
Headey et al. (2008a): study DE 1990 18+ aged general public, Germany, followed 15 years, 1990 - 2005 N = 7329
Mean
= 6.950
SD
= 1.830
Schnitzlein & Wunder (2014): study DE 1984 12+ aged, siblings, West Germany, followed 26 years,1984-2010, N = 7398
Mean
= 7.280
Kopmann & Rehdanz (2014): study DE 2004 Working age people, Germany, followed 5 years 2004-2009 N = 10123
Mean
= 6.960
Hetschko (2014): study DE 1991 18-65 aged, general public, Germany, followed yearly, 1991-2012 N = 19436
Mean
= 7.120
Schaubert (2015): study DE West Germany 1984 25- 54 aged high educated women, WestGermany, followed 1984-2012 N = 13713
Camp (2016): study DE 2005 18-62 aged women, Germany, 2005-2009 N = 10000
Berger (2013): study DE 1994 Mothers, Germany, followed 15 years, 1994-2009 N = 5150
Mean
= 7.050
SD
= 1.690
Dräger (2015): study DE 1995 Employees, Germany, followed 6 years,1995-2001 N = 4120
Mean
= 7.080
SD
= 1.660
Erlinghagen et al. (2009): study DE 2002 Emigrants out of Germany 1984-2005 N = 1242
Erlinghagen (2011): study DE 2002 /1 Emigrants who left Germany, followed 2002-2005 N = 32
Christoph (2010): study DE 2007 /1 17+ aged, general public, Germany, 2007 N = 11424
Mean
= 6.700
Crost (2016): study DE 1992 18-65 aged, general public, Germany, followed 12 years 1992-2004 N = 6442
Mean
= 6.840
SD
= 1.730
Cheung & Lucas (2014): study DE 2010 18+ aged, general public, Germany, 2010 N = 1312
Mean
= 7.380
SD
= 1.640
Lachmann et al. (2016): study DE 2014 Visitors of a 'digital societ' exhibition, Germany and Austria, 2016 N = 4852
Mean
= 7.740
SD
= 2.160
Christoph (2010): study DE 1998 Working aged, general public, Germany, 1998 N = 2130
Mean
= 7.600
Akay (2012): study DE 1985 16-65 aged, taxpayers, Germany, 1985-2010 N = 188412
Mean
= 7.090
SD
= 1.700
Guven & Hoxha (2015): study DE 1993 16+ aged, Germany, 1993-2006 N = 128510
Lara (2018): study MX Multiple regions 2014 Intimates left behind after migration, Mexico, 2014 N = 39274
Mean
= 7.940