Correlational finding on Happiness and Active
Subject code: P05ac

StudyGoldsmith & Campos (1990): study US Denver, Colorado
TitleThe Structure of Temporal Fear and Pleasure in Infants: A Psychometric Perspective.
SourceChild Development, 1990, Vol. 61, 1944 - 1964
Public9 months aged, infants, Denver, United States, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =168

Correlate
Author's labelActivity level
Page in Source 1948, 1956
Our classificationActive, code P05ac
Operationalization
Mother's & father's reports on child's gross motor 
activity, including
-  movement of arms and legs
- squirming
- locomotor activity

Each rated:
1  never
2  very rarely
3  less than half the time
4  about half the time
5  more than half the time
6  almost always
7  always

Full list of situations not reported
Observed distributionpaternal data: N=128; maternal data: N=143
Remarks
Part of Rothbart Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ), 
Same rating scale as the "Smiling and Laughter" measure 
of happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-amr=+.15
paternal report: r=+.25
maternal report: r=+.05


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-aRating by parents of smiling and laughter in 15 different situations, such as

During the last week, when being undressed, how often did your child smile or laugh?
1 never
2 very rarely
3 less than half the time
4 about half the time
5 more than half the time
6 almost always
7 always

Full list of situations not reported

Part of Rothbart Infant Behavior Questionnaire IBQ


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
mrMean correlation coefficient (r).
For r, see PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl