Correlational finding on Happiness and Modernity of nation
Subject code: N14ab07

StudyBond et al. (0): study ZZ World samples 2005
TitleReligion and the Life Satisfaction of Young Persons around the World: Personal Values and Societal Context
SourceTrommsdorff, G., Xinyin, C.: "Values. Religion, and Culture in Adolescent Development", Cambridge, 2011, Cambridge, UK, Chap. 5
Public15-24 aged, 43 nations, 2005-2008
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =9618

Correlate
Author's labelHuman Development Index
Our classificationModernity of nation, code N14ab07
Operationalization
Index of indicators of country's level development:
a: life expectancy;
b: educational development;
c: GDP.

Range 0-1: 
0: low level of development in a society
1: high level of development in a society
Remarks
The index in 2007 was used to match the WVS wave-5 data 
used in the present research

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.69 p < .01
AVERAGE happiness by level of development of 43 
nations


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl