Correlational finding on Happiness and Religiousness
Subject code: N02ab04

StudyBond et al. (0): study ZZ World samples 2005
TitleReligion and the Life Satisfaction of Young Persons around the World: Personal Values and Societal Context
SourceTrommsdorff, G., Xinyin, C.: "Values. Religion, and Culture in Adolescent Development", Cambridge, 2011, Cambridge, UK, Chap. 5
Public15-24 aged, 43 nations, 2005-2008
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =9618

Correlate
Author's labelSecularism
Our classificationReligiousness, code N02ab04
Operationalization
Index of: 
a: 'It is important for a child to learn independence 
and determination than obedience and religious faith'
b: 'God is not important in respondent's life'
c: 'Respondent favors less respect for authority'
d: 'Respondent has weak sense of national pride' 
e: 'Respondent gives no priority to self-expression and 
quality-of-life over economic and psychical security'.
Remarks
A person high in secularism endorsed the importance of 
God, national pride and respect of authority less, but 
endorsed the post-materialistic values of 
self-expression and independence, as well as autonomy, 
more. The opposite would be true for a person high in 
traditionalism.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.26 ns
Macrolevel: AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE 
secularism in 43 nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=-
Microlevel:INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL 
secularism
Set Image size:   



Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl