Correlational finding on Happiness and Religious climate in society
Subject code: R10ag03

StudyBond et al. (0): study ZZ World samples 2005
TitleReligion and the Life Satisfaction of Young Persons around the World: Personal Values and Societal Context
SourceTrommsdorff, G., Xinyin, C.: "Values. Religion, and Culture in Adolescent Development", Cambridge, 2011, Cambridge, UK, Chap. 5
Public15-24 aged, 43 nations, 2005-2008
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =9618

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Hostilities Index
Our classificationReligious climate in society, code R10ag03
Operationalization
Index of indicators of societal hostilities towards 
religions:
a: crimes or malicious acts motivated by religious 
hatred or bias;
b: public religious tensions that lead to violence;
c: religion-related terrorism and war.

Range 0-10: 
0: lowest level of societal hostilities towards 
religions in a society
.
.
10: highest level of societal hostilities towards 
religions in a society
Remarks
The information on social hostilities in different 
societies are documented in 16 frequently cited 
reports. Including the U.N. Special Rapporteur on 
Freedom of Religion of Belief reports, the Human Rights 
Watch topical reports, and the Council of the European 
Union's annual report.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=-.26 ns
AVERAGE happiness by level of societal hostilities 
towards religions in 43 nations


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl