Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac01

StudyGraney (1973): study US 1967
TitleThe Affect Balance Scale and Old Age.
SourcePaper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Sociological Society, 1973, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Public62-89 aged females, followed 4 years USA, 1967-71
Sample
Non-Response27%; 24% unattainable, 3% incomplete.
Respondents N =44

Correlate
Author's labelCosmopolitan orientation towards social participation
Page in Source 6
Our classificationConcern about organizational participation, code S07ac01
Operationalization
5-item index (agree / disagree):
1. belonging to local clubs is more re-
   warding than to large nation-wide    organizateions; 

2. national and international events    are less 
interesting than things    that happen in the local 
community;
3. a person from a well-established    family usually 
is a better choice    for a responsible job than a 
capable
   newcomer to the community;
4. big cities are all right, but the    local community 
is the backbone of 
   America,
5. I have a greater respect for an    established local 
man than for a    famous outsider. (adapted Dye    
Localism - Cosmopolitan Scale; see    Dye, 1963). Ss 
classified as    normatively: local / intermediate /
   cosmopolitan
Assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atb=-.08 ns
At T1 all Ss were in good health, able to care for 
themselves and lived alone.

% happy at T2:
-local         41%
-intermediate  13%
-cosmopolitan  36%


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
tbKENDALL'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT TAU-B
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tb = 0 no rank correlation
tb = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings.
tb = -1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl