Correlational finding on Happiness and Private freedom in nations
Subject code: N14ab02a

StudyVeenhoven (2005d): study ZZ EU 14 1970
TitleReturn of Inequality in Modern Society? Test by Dispersion of Life-Satisfaction across Time and Nations.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2005, Vol. 6, 457 - 487
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/7202
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-8854-4
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 14 member states, 1973-2001
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =374000

Correlate
Author's labelFreedom min private life
Page in Source 478
Our classificationPrivate freedom in nations, code N14ab02a
Operationalization
Measured by opportunity to choose in matters of 
marriage, procreation, religion and termination of ones 
own life. Opportunities to choose measured by public 
acceptance and absence of legal constraint.
Remarks
Data drawn from VEENH 2000A in this database.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-br=-.59
INEQUALITY in happiness by freedom in private life 
in 61 nations

Inequality in happiness in nations measured using 
the standard deviation (average over the 1990s
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-brpc=-.35
rpc controlled for economic development


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead?
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
- Don't know


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl