Correlational finding on Happiness and Individualization in nation
Subject code: N14ab04c

StudyRadcliff (2001): study ZZ Developed nations 1990
TitlePolitics, Markets, and Life Satisfaction: The Political Economy of Human Happiness.
SourceAmerican Political Science Review, 2001, Vol. 95, 939 - 952
Public18+ aged, general public, 15 rich nations, 1990
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =22500

Correlate
Author's labelIndividualism
Page in Source 943, 946, 949
Our classificationIndividualization in nation, code N14ab04c
Operationalization
Expert estimate of individualism of national cultures 
from 4 to 10
Remarks
Data: Scores by Triandis, 1989, 1995, reported in 
Diener, Diener and Diener, 1995, 856

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.09 ns
AVERAGE HAPPINESS by INDIVIDUALISM in 15 nations

B controlled for country characteristics:
- GDP
- unemployment rate
- decommodification
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.05 p < .05
INDIVIDUAL HAPPINESS by INDIVIDUALISM in 15 
nations

B's controled for:
- country characteristics
  - GDP
  - unemployment
  - average individualism
- individual characteristics
  - marital status
  - gender
  - education
  - age
  - having children
  - appraisal of quality of home life
  - perceived income class
  - unemployment of chief wage earner
  - church attendance

Similar in high and low income groups

B=+.05 denotes 0,05 more points happiness (on 
scale 1-10) per point more individualsm (on scale 
4 to 10)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl