Correlational finding on Happiness and Political democracy in nation
Subject code: N12ab04

StudyRadcliff (2001): study ZZ Developed nations 1990
TitlePolitics, Markets, and Life Satisfaction: The Political Economy of Human Happiness.
SourceAmerican Political Science Review, 2001, Vol. 95, 939 - 952
Public18+ aged, general public, 15 rich nations, 1990
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =22500

Correlate
Author's labelParty control
Page in Source 943, 946, 949
Our classificationPolitical democracy in nation, code N12ab04
Operationalization
Cumulative portion of cabinet seats by: 
a: left dominance -44.11-36.50
b: center           0-39.67
Remarks
Data: Huber, Ragin and Stephens (1997)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.02 p < .01
AVERAGE HAPPINESS by LEFT DOMINANCE in 15 nations

B controlled for:
- GDP
- unemployment rate
- individualism
Set Image size:   

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=
INDIVIDUAL HAPPINESS by PARTY CONTROL in 15 
nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.01 p < .00
left dominance
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.00 ns
center parties dominance

B's controled for:
- country characteristics
  - GDP
  - unemployment
  - average individualism
- individual characteristics
  - marital status
  - gender
  - education
  - age
  - having children
  - appraisal of quality of home life
  - perceived income class
  - unemployment of chief wage earner
  - church attendance

Left dominance statistically insignificant in high 
income group

B denotes more points happiness (on scale 1-10) 
per point more cumulation portion of cabinet seats 
by center parties (on scale 0 to 39,67)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl