Correlational finding on Happiness and Inequality of happiness in nations
Subject code: H05ab

StudyVeenhoven (2005d): study ZZ EU 14 1970
TitleReturn of Inequality in Modern Society? Test by Dispersion of Life-Satisfaction across Time and Nations.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2005, Vol. 6, 457 - 487
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/7202
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-8854-4
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 14 member states, 1973-2001
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =374000

Correlate
Author's labelTrend in dispersion of life-satisfaction
Page in Source 474-477
Our classificationInequality of happiness in nations, code H05ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you 
lead?
4  very satisfied
3  fairly satisfied
2  not very satisfied
1  not at all satisfied
-  Don't know
Observed distributionAverage standard deviation about 0,7
Remarks
Inequality in happiness measured using the standard 
deviation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bb=-.00 p < .05
B = -.00176 CI95 [ -0,001 to -0,003]
This means a yearly drop in inequality of 0,18%. 
If this trend continues lineriarly, it will take 
about 50 years to reduce the standard-deviation 
from about 0,7 to 0,6 and another 300 years would 
be required to reduce it to zero
Set Image size:   

O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b
Decline of inequality of happiness stronger in 
South than North European countries
Set Image size:   

O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b
The decline of standard deviations is only partly 
due to rise of the mean level of happiness
Set Image size:   



Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead?
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
- Don't know


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl