Correlational finding on Happiness and Major events in era
Subject code: E03af

StudyVeenhoven (2005a): study ZZ 1990
TitleHappiness is Hardship.
SourceBruni, L.;Porta, P.L.:"Economics and Happiness", Oxford University Press, 2005, UK, 243 - 266
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/8649
PublicAdults, general public, 55 nations, 1990s
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =75000

Correlate
Author's labelSudden Crisis
Page in Source 251
Our classificationMajor events in era, code E03af
Operationalization
Critical incidents in the nation such as natural 
disasters; economic recession or terrorist attacks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=
Average Happiness by sudden crisis in Italy and 
England from 1974 to 2002
Set Image size:   



Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead?
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
- Don't know


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl