Correlational finding on Happiness and Moral desirability of happiness
Subject code: H11ac03

StudyPhillips & Clancy (1971): study US Various places 1967
TitleSome Effects of "Social Desirability" in Survey Studies.
SourceAmerican Journal of Sociology, 1971/72, Vol. 77, 921 - 940
Public21+ aged general public, New England and Mid-Atlantic States, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =404

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived desirability of happiness as atrait
Page in Source 927
Our classificationMoral desirability of happiness, code H11ac03
Operationalization
Rating of 'happiness' on a 9-point scale of 
desirability: low/medium/high desirability

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.28 p < . 01
Gamma's computed on the basis of proportions 'very 
happy' answers

Females: Q = +.40
Males  | Q = +.10

High need for social approval  : G' = +.33 (ns)
Medium need for social approval: G' = +.30 (05)
Low need for social approval   : G' = +.22 (ns)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl