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Correlational findings

Study Brenner (1975a): study US Washington County, Maryland 1973

Public:
18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Maryland, USA, 1973-1974
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 916
Non Response:
25%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Correlate

Authors's label
Feeling downcast or dejected
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How often do you feel downcast or dejected?  Would you say:
1 very often
2 fairly often
3 occasionally
4 rarely
5 never

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa G = -.46 p < .001 Unaffected by sex, age and educational level.

When enjoying life and usual affect (question on spirits) are held constant: Gs = -.31 (001).