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Correlational findings

Study Graney (1973): study US 1967

Public:
62-89 aged females, followed 4 years USA, 1967-71
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 44
Non Response:
27%; 24% unattainable, 3% incomplete.
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Sructured interview at home.

Correlate

Authors's label
Gains in social status over 4 years
Our Classification
Operationalization
Comparison of T1 and T2.
A significant move to a fully independent household, marriage, and taking paying employment were defined as status gains. Institutionalization, the death of supportive family members and friends, and recent geographic dispersion of supportive children were defined as losses. Ss classified as having experienced: losses / no change / gains

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a tb = +.13 ns At T1 all Ss were in good health, able to care for themselves and lived alone.
Happiness assessed at T2.

% happy at T2:
- losses     22%
- no change  28%
- gains      40%