Correlational findings

Study Glenn & Kramer (1985): study US 1973

18+ aged whites, USA, 1973-82
N = 9704
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Broken home background
Our Classification
  • FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young) Family composition (earlier for adults, current for young) Number of parents (broken home)
Parents died:
   0 intact
   1 one parent had died
 Parents divorced:
   0 intact
   1 divorced

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = - Parent died:
 - Females    B= -.03  ns
 - Males      B= -.04  ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa b = - Parents divorced:
 - Females    B= -.12  (001)   ß= -.19
 - Males      B= -.14  (03)    ß= -.22
 Causel paths: children of divorce slightly less succesfull in school and more likely to be unmarried , in particular females
 % of the difference in happiness explained:
 Males:   0.5% by education, 3% by marital status,
          6% by age
 Females: 7% by education, 18% by marital status,         14% by age
 B's and ß's controlled for age, father's occupational prestige, father's years of school completed, mother's years of school completed, size of community lived in at age 16, number of siblings, religion in which raised and whether or not the mother worked outside the home before the person was age 6.