- 50+ aged, whites, Durham, North Carolina, USA, 197?
- N = 380
- Non Response
- Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
- Authors's Label
- Tough mindedness
- Our Classification
- Form C of the Cattell (1970)
16 personality factor questionnaire
Observed Relation with Happiness
ß = +.21 p < .05 after further control for the sociodemographic variables:
sex/age/education/occupational prestige/health impairment and employment status.