Correlational findings

Study Lowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969

People in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
N = 216
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face
Lengthy interviews


Authors's Label
Philosophical activities
Our Classification
Related specification variables
Respondents were asked to list their regular or scheduled philosophical activities (religious or spiritual, concern with the meaning of existence, adherence to an ethical or behavioral code).
They were also asked what they did "yesterday"
The number of mentions was recorded.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-d r = hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r=+.34 (ns)
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
M-AO-u-mq-*-*-c r = hs seniors   males: r=-.37 ns females: r=+.39 05
newly weds   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns     females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-d r = ns Youngest (hs seniors + newly-weds)
M-AO-u-mq-*-*-c r = ns A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-d r = ns Oldest   (middle aged + preretired)
M-AO-u-mq-*-*-c r = ns